Different artifacts, designed to be manufactured by different production systems, possess particular characteristics.

(a) For each of the following production systems, choose an artifact that would be suitable for manufacture by that system:
(i) one-off production [4]
(ii) batch production [4]
(iii) volume production [4]
In each case give reasons for your choice of artifact.

(b) Explain how the work of the designer may vary according to the system of production used.


Select a product, that you have made during your A-level Design and Technology course, which could be developed for industrial manufacture.

(a) Sketch and describe the product.
(b) Explain how the final design of the product has been influenced by the facilities available.
(c) Explain how the form of the product would need to be adapted to take advantage of modern industrial manufacturing methods.


Fig. 6

Fig. 6 shows a family motor car. The bodywork of such cars is normally manufactured from mild steel sheet.

(a) Describe the design developments that have allowed a reduction in the amount of material used in the body while maintaining adequate strength and rigidity.
(b) Describe how resistance to corrosion in a modern motor car has been improved by:
(i) changes in design; [6]
(ii) developments in surface treatments [6]


The method of manufacture of many mass-produced products or components has changed in recent years as a result of the development of production techniques.

(a) Select a product or component in which the mass production method has changed and;
(i) sketch the product;
(ii) describe, with the aid of diagrams, the mass production method previously used;
(ii) outline, with the aid of diagrams, the latest method of manufacturing the product or component.
(b) With reference to the product or component selected in (a), describe the design changes it has been necessary to make in order that it may be suitable for mass production by the latest techniques.