Products designed to have a limited life are a natural consequence of a 'throw-away' society.

(a) Explain the environmental problems caused by a 'throw-away' consumer society.
(b) Discuss the ways in which manufacturers can develop products that are more ecologically friendly.
(c) Select a traditional product and show how it has been re-designed to accommodate the demands of a 'throw-away' society.


Environmental pollution and the conservation of natural resources are of increasing concern to the designers and manufacturers of products.

(a) Select one example of an environmentally friendly product and one example where you feel the designer has not considered environmental issues sufficiently.

Sketch each of the products and justify your choice.
(b) Discuss the ways in which local authorities and householders might address the problems of domestic waste disposal, in an environmentally friendly way.


Energy is a significant factor in the manufacture of products.

(a) State four environmental problems that may result from the increasing demand for energy.
(b) Discuss two advantages and two limitations of using alternative energy sources for the manufacture of products.
(c) Select a product or situation which makes use of alternative energy sources and:
(i) describe the product or situation;
(ii) discuss three ways in which it has benefited from the use of an alternative energy source.