1) Fig. 1 shows the component parts of a ball point pen.
(a) State four design requirements for a pen to be used for general schoolwork.
(b) Identify two features of the pen shown in Fig. 1 that make it suitable for high volume production.
(c) Describe two examples where ergonomic factors are taken into account in the design of a pen.
(d) Give two examples of how quality is controlled when manufacturing pens.
(e) Explain why some pens are designed to have a limited life.
(a) Give two reasons why manufacturing industry relies heavily on fossil fuels as its energy source.
(b) Describe two methods of storing electrical energy.
(c) Select two alternative energy sources.
Use sketches and notes to describe how energy is harnessed and converted in each case.
(d) Discuss how concerns for the environment can influence the future development of energy sources.
3) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is becoming increasingly important in the design and manufacture of products.
(a) Give four benefits of using computer systems when designing products.
(b) Describe how ICT can be used in the following stages of the design and manufacture of a product.
(c) Give two reasons why computerised stock control is beneficial to manufacturing industry.
(d) Discuss the possible drawbacks of using ICT in the designing and making of products.
4) Fig. 2 shows a popular design of schoolbag used by many secondary school students.
(a) State four design requirements for a schoolbag to be used by secondary school students.
(b) Identify two appropriate methods of advertising products aimed at the teenage market and evaluate their potential effectiveness.
(c) Explain, giving two examples, how the design of the schoolbag can influence the scale of production.
5) Fig. 3 shows a plastic carrier bag.
(a) State four design requirements for a plastic carrier bag other than low cost and lightweight.
(b) The high volume production and use of plastic carrier bags has raised concern over litter and waste disposal.
Describe two ways of dealing with these concerns.
(c) Give one example of product packaging that encourages consumers to recycle and/or re-use.
Explain the benefits to the manufacturer and/or consumer.
(d) Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) is a process of evaluating the total environment impact of a product.
Using the plastic carrier bag as an example, explain three important stages of a Life Cycle Analysis.
(a) State four design requirements for a radio to be used in the home.
(b) Describe two factors that influence the size and shape of a radio.
(c) Use two examples to explain the importance of standardised parts in the design and manufacture of a radio.
Fig. 1 shows an Ekco radio made in the 1930's.
(d) The Ekco radio was made in the early 1930's from Bakelite, a new plastic material of that time.
Discuss how new materials and/or technologies can influence product design.
2) Concerns over the impact of manufacturing on the environment have led to many developments in recycling, anti-pollution measures and more energy efficient means of production.
(a) State two products which can be recycled.
(b) Use two examples to explain how the problem of air pollution is being tackled.
(c) (i) Explain the term "Just-in-Time" (JIT) manufacturing.
(ii) Use one specific example to describe how JIT manufacture can reduce wastage in any form.
(d) Discuss the implications of disposing of non-recyclable waste.
3) Fig. 2 shows the component parts of a plastic clothes peg.
(a) State three features that make a clothes peg suitable for high volume production.
(d) Describe one way in which batch production differs from high volume production.
(c) Explain three disadvantages of high volume production.
(d) Discuss the benefits of one-off production when manufacturing products.
4) The health and safety of designers, makers, users and the public are an important issue.
(a) Identify a machine in Design and Technology.
State three safety precautions to follow when using this machine.
(b) Use one manufacturing situation or process to explain the purpose of risk assessment.
(c) Explain the role of the following with regard to product design:
(i) The British Standards Institute (BSI);
(ii) Sale of goods legislation.
(d) Discuss the extent to which legislation protects workers/operators in the workplace.
5) Fig. 3 shows a hand-held computer (personal digital assistant).
(a) State four design requirements for a hand-held computer.
(b) Product designers may develop products by using miniaturisation, making products as small as possible.
Explain two benefits of miniaturisation.
(c) Explain two ways in which a manufacturer of hand-held computers would ensure that quality products are produced.
(d) Discuss how the functional requirements of a product influences the selection of materials.