1) Fig. 1 shows the component parts of a ball point pen.

(a) State four design requirements for a pen to be used for general schoolwork. [4]

(b) Identify two features of the pen shown in Fig. 1 that make it suitable for high volume production. [2]

(c) Describe two examples where ergonomic factors are taken into account in the design of a pen. [4]

(d) Give two examples of how quality is controlled when manufacturing pens. [4]

(e) Explain why some pens are designed to have a limited life. [4]

2)

(a) Give two reasons why manufacturing industry relies heavily on fossil fuels as its energy source. [2]

(b) Describe two methods of storing electrical energy. [4]

(c) Select two alternative energy sources.

Use sketches and notes to describe how energy is harnessed and converted in each case. [8]

(d) Discuss how concerns for the environment can influence the future development of energy sources. [4]

3) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is becoming increasingly important in the design and manufacture of products.

(a) Give four benefits of using computer systems when designing products. [4]

(b) Describe how ICT can be used in the following stages of the design and manufacture of a product.

Research [2]

Prototyping [2]

Manufacture [2]

(c) Give two reasons why computerised stock control is beneficial to manufacturing industry. [2]

(d) Discuss the possible drawbacks of using ICT in the designing and making of products. [6]

4) Fig. 2 shows a popular design of schoolbag used by many secondary school students.

(a) State four design requirements for a schoolbag to be used by secondary school students. [4]

(b) Identify two appropriate methods of advertising products aimed at the teenage market and evaluate their potential effectiveness. [8]

(c) Explain, giving two examples, how the design of the schoolbag can influence the scale of production. [6]

 

5) Fig. 3 shows a plastic carrier bag.

(a) State four design requirements for a plastic carrier bag other than low cost and lightweight. [4]

(b) The high volume production and use of plastic carrier bags has raised concern over litter and waste disposal.

Describe two ways of dealing with these concerns. [4]

(c) Give one example of product packaging that encourages consumers to recycle and/or re-use.

Explain the benefits to the manufacturer and/or consumer. [4]

Example:

Benefits:

(d) Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) is a process of evaluating the total environment impact of a product.

Using the plastic carrier bag as an example, explain three important stages of a Life Cycle Analysis. [6]

 

6)

(a) State four design requirements for a radio to be used in the home. [4]

(b) Describe two factors that influence the size and shape of a radio. [4]

(c) Use two examples to explain the importance of standardised parts in the design and manufacture of a radio. [4]

Fig. 1 shows an Ekco radio made in the 1930's.

(d) The Ekco radio was made in the early 1930's from Bakelite, a new plastic material of that time.

Discuss how new materials and/or technologies can influence product design. [6]

7) Concerns over the impact of manufacturing on the environment have led to many developments in recycling, anti-pollution measures and more energy efficient means of production.

(a) State two products which can be recycled. [2]

(b) Use two examples to explain how the problem of air pollution is being tackled. [4]

(c) (i) Explain the term "Just-in-Time" (JIT) manufacturing. [3]

(ii) Use one specific example to describe how JIT manufacture can reduce wastage in any form. [3]

(d) Discuss the implications of disposing of non-recyclable waste. [6]

8) Fig. 2 shows the component parts of a plastic clothes peg.

(a) State three features that make a clothes peg suitable for high volume production. [3]

(d) Describe one way in which batch production differs from high volume production. [3]

(c) Explain three disadvantages of high volume production. [6]

(d) Discuss the benefits of one-off production when manufacturing products. [6]

9) The health and safety of designers, makers, users and the public are an important issue.

(a) Identify a machine in Design and Technology.

Machine

State three safety precautions to follow when using this machine. [3]

(b) Use one manufacturing situation or process to explain the purpose of risk assessment. [3]

(c) Explain the role of the following with regard to product design:

(i) The British Standards Institute (BSI); [3]

(ii) Sale of goods legislation. [3]

(d) Discuss the extent to which legislation protects workers/operators in the workplace. [6]

 

10) Fig. 3 shows a hand-held computer (personal digital assistant).

(a) State four design requirements for a hand-held computer. [4]

(b) Product designers may develop products by using miniaturisation, making products as small as possible.

Explain two benefits of miniaturisation. [4]

(c) Explain two ways in which a manufacturer of hand-held computers would ensure that quality products are produced. [4]

(d) Discuss how the functional requirements of a product influences the selection of materials. [6]

11) Fig.1 shows two lawn mowers.

(a) State three design requirements of a lawnmower. [3]

(b) Lawnmowers are examples of potentially dangerous machines.

State the standard risk assessment procedures for using potentially dangerous equipment. [3]

Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

(c) Explain how health and safety issues influence the designer, the manufacturer and the user. [6]

1 Designer

2 Manufacturer

3 User

(d) Discuss the role of British Standards Institute (BSI) in the designing and making of products. [6]

12) Fig. 2 shows a drinks container made of PET which can be recycled.

(a) State three specific materials that can be easily recycled. [3]

1

2

3

 

(b) Give three disadvantages of using landfill sites to dispose of domestic waste. [3]

1

2

3

 

(c) (i) Name two examples of alternative energy sources. [2]

1

2

 

(ii) Give two reasons why alternative energy sources are being developed. [4]

1

2

(d) Discuss  ways in which consumers can help to conserve the environment. [6]

13) Fig.3 shows two different types of fruit juice extractors.

 

(a) State three design requirements of a fruit juice extractor. [3]

1

2

3

(b) State three considerations in the designing of fruit juice extractors that will keep manufacturing costs low. [3]

1

2

3

(c) (i) State three ways in which consumers can be assured that they are purchasing a quality product. [3]

1

2

3

(ii) Explain why quality assurance is important to the manufacturer. [3]

(d) Discuss the importance of aesthetics in product design. [6]

 

14) Fig.4 shows a carrying belt for a personal music player.

(a) State three design requirements of a carrying belt for a personal music player. [3]

1

2

3

 

(b) Describe, using sketches and notes, three examples where ergonomics may have influenced the design of a carrying belt for a personal music player. [9]

(c) Discuss how design features of the carrying belt can affect the scale of production. [6]

 

15) Fig.5 shows a battery-powered drill.

(a) State three design requirements of a battery-powered drill. [3]

1

2

3

(b) Most battery-powered drills are batch produced.

(i) Name a product, other than a battery-powered drill, that is batch produced.

Product [1]

(ii) Give one reason why batch production is the most appropriate production system for your chosen product. [2]

Reason

(c) Give three benefits of using standardised parts in the manufacture of products. [6]

1

2

3

(d) Discuss the importance to manufacturers of ensuring that their products are safe for the public to use. [6]

16) Fig.1 shows a bench used in a public area.

(a) (i) State two design requirements for a bench in a public area. [2]

(ii) Justify one of your requirements. [1]

(b) Describe using sketches and notes, three examples where anthropometric data has been taken into account in the design of the bench in Fig. 1.

Example 1 [3]

Example 2 [3]

Example 3 [3]

(c) Discuss the factors that must be considered when designing products for outdoor public use. [6]

17)

(a) Fossil fuels are a common source of energy for manufacturing industries.

Give two reasons why alternatives to the use of fossil fuels are being investigated.

Reason 1 [2]

Reason 2 [2]

(b) Describe, using sketches and notes, two methods that use energy from the sea to generate power.

Example 1 [4]

Example 2 [4]

(c) Discuss the implications of ‘power supply’, when designing portable electric products. [6]

18) Fig. 2 shows a hair dryer designed for the teenage market.

(a) State and justify two design requirements for the hair dryer shown in Fig. 2.

1 [2]

2 [2]

(b) Explain two ergonomic features, other than using anthropometric data, included in the design of a hair dryer. [4]

1

2

(c) Hair dryers are often manufactured by companies using Just-in Time (JIT) systems.

Explain two benefits of a JIT system. [4]

1

2

(d) Discuss the factors that affect the ‘visual impact’ of a product. [6]

19)

Fig. 3.1 shows a desk mounted pencil sharpener.

Fig. 3.2 shows a personal pencil sharpener.

(a) (i) State two design requirements for a desk mounted pencil sharpener. [2]

(ii) Justify one of your requirements.  [1]

(b) Give three reasons why the personal pencil sharpener in Fig. 3.2 is suitable for high volume production. [3]

1

3  

(c) Describe three quality control checks that may be carried out during the manufacture of a pencil sharpener. [6]

1

2

3

(d) Many products are designed to have a limited life expectancy.

Discuss the implications of the increased availability and use of ‘throwaway products’.

[6]

20) Fig. 4 shows a range of children’s toys.

(a) (i) State two design requirements for a child’s toy. [2]

(ii) Justify one of your requirements. [1]

(b) Give three considerations in the designing and making of children’s toys that will keep manufacturing costs as low as possible. [3]

1

2

3

(c) Explain three considerations that a manufacturer of children’s toys needs to take into account when selecting appropriate forms of advertising. [6]

1

2

3

(d) Discuss the factors that can affect the overall quality of manufactured products. [6]

21) Fig.1 shows a wristwatch.

(a) (i) State two design requirements for a wristwatch. [2]

1

2

(ii) Justify one of your requirements. [1]

(b) Describe, using sketches and notes where appropriate, three examples where

ergonomic factors have been taken into account in the design of a wristwatch.

Example 1

[3]

Example 2

[3]

Example 3

[3]

(c) Discuss how designers take into account the variation in human sizes when designing products.

[6]

22) ICT is important in the design and manufacture of products.

(a) State three ways in which ICT can be used in the production of a school’s newsletter. [3]

1

2

3

(b) Use two examples to describe how CAD/CAM can be used in the production of prototypes. [4]

1

2

(c) (i) State one example of the use of computer simulation/modelling in the development of a product. [1]

(ii) Give two reasons why computer simulation/modelling is used in the development

of products. [4]

1

2

(d) Discuss the implications of using ICT to track the progress of a product through its stages of manufacture. [6]

23) Fig.2 shows a washing machine.

(a) (i) State two design requirements for a washing machine. [4]

1

2

(ii) Justify one of your requirements. [1]

(b) Use two examples to describe how products can be designed to be ‘environmentally friendly’.

1

[3]

2

[3]

(c) Use one example to explain how consumers can obtain accurate information about the impact that products have on the environment. [3]

(d) Life Cycle Analysis is a process of evaluating the total environmental impact of a product. Discuss the implications of Life Cycle Analysis when designing products.

[6]

24) Fig. 3. shows part of the assembly instructions for a self assembly computer desk.

(a) (i) State two design requirements for a computer desk. [2]

1

2

 

(ii) Justify both of your requirements. [2]

(b) (i) Explain one benefit to the manufacturer of producing self assembly products. [2]

(ii) Explain one benefit to the consumer of purchasing self assembly products. [2]

(c) Explain two benefits of using standardised parts in the design and manufacture of self assembly products.

1

[2]

2

[2]

(d) Discuss the importance of quality control in the manufacture of self assembly products. [6]

25) Fig. 4 shows a baby being carried in a baby sling.

(a) (i) State and justify one design requirement for a baby sling that meets the needs of the baby. [2]

(ii) State and justify one design requirement for a baby sling that meets the needs of the adult. [2]

(b) Give two considerations in the designing and making of a baby sling that will keep manufacturing costs as low as possible. [2]

1

2

(c) Use two examples to explain the special significance of the colour of a product.

1

[3]

2

[3]

(d) Discuss the importance of fashion in the design and manufacture of products. [6]

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